Anatomy of the Spine

The human spine is a complex structure consisting of vertebrae, intervertebral discs, ligaments, muscles, and nerves. It extends from the base of the skull to the coccyx.

  • Cervical Spine (Neck)
  • Thoracic Spine (Mid-Back)
  • Lumbar Spine (Lower Back)
  • Sacral and Coccygeal (Pelvic)

Common Features of Vertebrae

Although vertebrae vary in size and shape depending on their location, they share common structural features:

  • Body (Centrum)¬†
  • Vertebral Arch
  • Spinous Process
  • Transverse Processes
  • Articular Processes

Facet joints

also known as zygapophysial joints, are pivotal components of the spine’s anatomy, playing a crucial role in its function and flexibility. These synovial joints are formed where the articular processes of adjacent vertebrae align and connect.

Significance in Pilates and Movement

  • Movement efficiency¬†
  • Customization for spinal conditions
  • Enhanced Body awareness