The skeleton

The human skeletal system consists of 206 bones in the adult body, categorized into two main parts: the axial skeleton and the appendicular skeleton.

Functions of the Skeleton

  • Support
  • Protection
  • Movement
  • Mineral Storage
  • Blood Cell Production

Understanding the skeleton is crucial for Pilates Reformer teachers for several reasons:

  • Injury Prevention
  • Alignment and Posture
  • Customization of Exercises

The Fascia 

The connective tissue that permeates the entire human body, enveloping muscles, bones, nerves, and organs.

In movement it provides: 

  • Support and Structure
  • Flexibility and Mobility 
  • Force Transmission
  • Shock Absorption
  • Sensory Function

The Nervous System

Central & Peripheral Nervous System

Movement and exercise are primarily governed by the somatic part of the PNS, which controls the skeletal muscles.

The Autonomic Nervous System, is supported by exercise by reducing stress and balancing the Parasympathetic and the Sympathetic Nervous System

The Cardiovascular System

  • Heart Rate
  • Blood Flow and Oxygenation 
  • Blood Pressure 
  • Endurance and Performance 
  • Breathing 

The Lymphatic System

  • Fluid Circulation  
  • Boosting Immune Function 
  • Reducing Inflammation 
  • Enhancing Recovery 
  • Promoting Relaxation and Stress Reduction 

The Joints

The structures that connect bones within the human body, play a pivotal role in facilitating movement and flexibility

Different kind of joints:

  • Ball and Socket
  • Hinge 
  • Pivot 
  • Ellipsoidal (condyloid)
  • Saddle
  • Gliding (Plane)

The Tendons, Ligaments, Bursae (Soft Tissue)

  • Tendons: Connect muscles to bones
  • Ligaments: Connect bones to bones
  • Bursae: Cushion between bones and ligaments/tendons